Whose yoga is older?

Patrick McCartney

According to the 2018 Global Wellness Institute report, the Wellness industry was worth $ 4.5 trillion dollars. Wellness is a huge economy: from spas, beauty, nutrition, fitness, personalized medicine and, yes, invariably yoga. Clearly, at half the money spent on total global medical health…


Patrick McCartney 1500 words

Patrick is an anthropologist trained in archaeology, linguistics, and philology, as well as sociology, political science, and computational social science. …


This is title and abstract of my forthcoming book chapter. You can download a free copy of the PDF, here.

The primary field of enquiry is the transnational USD 4.75 trillion-dollar wellness (tourism) industry. Today, Yoga is instrumentalized in service of the soft power ambitions of the Indian state. “Yogaland,”…


Updated July 04, 2021 (Added some information about Pali and Sanskrit terms of address to inferiors ( अरे / Are!)

Updated June 18, 2021 (Added Rules of Address from Nāṭyaśāstra, and examples from Ṛgveda and Kṛṣṇayajurveda)

Susanna Barkataki appears to have a solid grip on the novel X+Yoga hybrid of…


The distinction between “Vedic Sanskrit,” which is anything but pure and precise, is different to the later, refined Classical Sanskrit, which itself has multiple layers. This is the reason why scholars can show how various sections of texts were likely composed and inserted later, as the language used is identifiably different.

If the reader is curious, here is some of the original “language of Yoga,” which one could apply some sort of intersectional critical deconstructionist literary theory.

Below are portions of three Vedic poems, the translations are provided by Stephanie Jamison and Joel Brereton. The first excerpt is taken from the eleventh poem of the second “book” of the Ṛgveda. It clearly shows the virtues extolled in getting drunk, excited, and tending to a clear culture of “toxic masculinity,” which anticipates accumulating wealth, power, and prestige through success in battle.

Drink and drink the soma, o Indra, our champion! Let the exhilarating soma-pressings exhilarate you. As they fill your cheeks, let them strengthen you.

When properly pressed among the Paura, (the soma) has helped Indra. 2,011.11

We inspired poets have abided by you, Indra. Serving according to the truth, we…


Language loss in the Indian Himalayas

This was a DRAFT, which became published in some other articles, like this one in the Wire. Not all of it was included and most of the images were left out. So, this version presents a more comprehensive picture.

DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/4GVPB Patrick McCartney CC-By Attribution 4.0 International

Language-killer = bhāṣā-hantṛ

As a consequence of the global popularity of yoga, there is an unspoken threat to the marginalised languages of South Asia, such as the Central Pahari languages, Garhwali and Kumouni. This occurs via the banal support and shared appreciation that Hindus, Hindu supremacists and global yoga consumers have for the Sanskrit language.


Drinking for courage, forging ahead, stealing cattle, and humiliating losers

Patrick McCartney CC-By Attribution 4.0 International @yogascapesinjap DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/VDQKW

By “battle,” what I mean is the metaphorical battle over the narratives curated on behalf of Yoga. Often, the popular and official narratives that are shared and repeated grow in legitimacy, as time passes. Yet, it is often the case that instead of facts, factoids circulate. …

Patrick McCartney

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